英語に入った日本語一覧

(A Comprehensive List of Japanese Loanwords in English)


 本表は英語に借用された日本語をまとめたものである。この表はそれだけのために作られたわけでは ない。むしろ、 本表を使って英語辞書における日本語語彙の収録を調査するために作成された。英語辞書にどのよう な日本語語彙が収録されているかを調査するのは、一般に考えられているほど容易なことではない。 どこにどのような日本語が収録されているかの調査は、試行錯誤の連続である。 この種の研究には不可欠な試行錯誤を出来る限り少なくしたいと考え、本表を作成した。 この表を使って漏らすことなく調査すれば、ほぼ完璧に近い調査となると思われる。 そのために、本表はこれまで英語辞書に収録されてきた日本語語彙を網羅的に 収めている。語彙および一部の語句は合わせて1500項目くらいである。
 表作成上の問題点について述べる
  地名いくつかの辞書には日本の地名がかなり収録されている。 それぞれの辞書によって、どのような地名を収録するか基準が異なる。 このため、すべての辞書に収録されている地名を本表に組み込むことは余り意味がないと 考え地名は削除した。
  商標これについても地名と同様なことが言えるが、英米で出版されている辞書にお いて収録されている商標名は限られている。このため、本表に加えた。
  Japan とい英語は厳密には日本語語源の語彙ではない。このため、本表では それと関連する語句はすべて割愛した。
  語源不明語中国語や朝鮮語が源であるが、英語へは日本語を通じて入った可能性もある。 それらも含まれている。
  異形日本語の単語を英語の文字を用いて表記するには、多くの困難が供なう。 このため、多くの異形(異なった綴り)が存在する場合がある。これには特に注意していただきたい。
  語の短い解説など表の短い解説はそれぞれの日本語語彙の定義ではないので、気をつけていただきたい。

 なお、200611月出版の早川勇著『英語になった日本語』(春風社、188頁)をご参照下さい。

 

 日 本 語 

  短い解説   [語源]   [trdn]→商標名

A

  

abukumalite

[Abukuma (a plateau in Fukushima Prefecture) + -lite]

abura-bozu

a large fish of the northern Pacific

abura-haye

a Japanese cyprinoid fish

aburachan seed

[abura (oil) + chan (pitch)]

aburagiri

a thung (oil) tree

adsuki (bean)

adzuki

adzuki (bean), azuki

a dark red edible bean

ahyu

ayu

ai

ayu

aikido

a Japanese art of self-defence

aikuchi

a dagger, a dirk

Aino

Ainu

ainoko

a person of mixed blood

Ainu

an indigenous Caucasoid people of Japan

akabo

a hand-baggage porter at a Japanese railway station

akaganeite

[aka (red) + gane < kane (metal) + -ite]

akahara

a Japanese cyprinoid fish

akamatsu

[aka (red) + matsu (pine)]

akamebuku

same as kitamakura

akamushi (mite)

tsutsugamushi mite

akebi

an eastern Asiatic vine

Akebia

akebi, a small genus of woody vine

akeki

hiba arborvitae

akenobeite

[Akenobe (a district of western Japan) + -ite]

Akita (dog)

[Akita (a district of northern Japan) + dog]

ama

a woman diver

amado

one of a set of shutters on the outer side of a Japanese house

amakudari

the entry by retired bureaucrats into private companies

amanori

the laver

Amaterasu(-Omikami)

the Sun-Goddess, the central deity of Shinto

ame

a dextrose or glucose manufactured from rice paste

amemasu

a trout

Amida

Amitabha, one of the five Buddhas

Amidism

[Amida (Amitabha) + -ism]

Amidist

[Amida (Amitabha) + -ist]

anago

a conger eel

andon

a paper-framed lamp

ansu

an apricot

aogiri

the sultan’s parasol

aoi tsuba

a kind of Japanese sword-guard

Aoyama’s fluid

after Fumio Aoyama, 20th century Japanese anatomist

aragoto

a play featuring exaggerated posture, makeup, and costume

arakawaite

[Arakawa (a mine in Akita Prefecture) + -ite]

arigato

Thank you very much.

arisaka (rifle)

after Col. Nariakira Arisaka (1852-1915)

Arita (ware)

[Arita (a town on the island of Kyushu) + ware]

Atari Democrat

[atari (success, hit) + democrat]

Atari Socialism

[atari (success, hit) + socialism]

Atarize

[atari (success, hit) + -ize]

Atom Boy

[trdn]

aucuba, A-

a well known hardy evergreen shrub

aucuba green

a light olive that is greener and stronger than citrine

aucuba mosaic

a mosaic of the potato and other plants of the family Solanaceae

awabi

an abalone, an ear shell

Awaji ware

a coarse stone-ware made in Awaji Province

Awata ware

pottery and porcelain made at Awata, near Kyoto

ayu, ahyu, ai

a small salmonlike anadromous fish of Japan

Azuchi-Momoyama (era)

from 1568 to 1600, a period of Japanese art

azuki (bean)

adzuki

B

  

bai

yellow sands blown in the air

baishu

bribery

bai-u

(a season of) rainfall in early summer

baka (bomb)

a Japanese rocket-propelled bomb-carrying airplane guided by a suicide pilot in World War II

Bakanae Disease

[baka (idiot) + nae (young rice plant)]

bakufu

the government of the shoguns, the Shogunate

Bakumatsu

the last days of the Shogunate

bancha (tea)

coarse Japanese tea

bandaite

[Baindai (a volcano on Honshu Island) + -ite]

Banko pottery, Banko-ware, b-

a thin Japanese ware, named after Nunami Banko, the original maker

banzai (interj.)

[ban (ten thousand) + zai < sai (years)]

banzai (n.)

a shout or cheer used by the Japanese in greeting the emperor

banzai attack

US slang, a reckless desperate mass attack

banzai charge

US slang, a reckless desperate mass attack

Banzai Cliff

US slang

banzai party

US slang

banzuke

a list of sumo wrestlers

baren

a pad used in wood block printing

basho

a sumo tournament

bashofu

a fabric woven from the fiber of the plantain

beddo, betto

a rolling bed installed in love hotels

Beef Bowl

[trdn]

bekko

tortoise shell

bekko-ware

a kind of pottery anciently made in Japan, imitating tortoise-shell

beni

a hardy shrub cultivated for its late summer bloom

benimasu

[beni (red) + masu (salmon)]

Benihana of Tokyo

[trdn]

Benten

the goddess of fortune and happiness

bento

a lunch, a box lunch

Betamax

a proprietary name for the videocassette format developed by Sony

bettaku

a second house

betto (1)

a small pony carriage

betto (2)

beddo

Bishamon, b-

[< Beishamon-ten (the god of treasure)]

biwa

a 4-stringed Japanese lute

biwa

a loquat

Bizen ware

fine, hard, unglazed pottery made in Okayama Prefecture (formerly Bizen Province)

Boecho

the Defense Agency

bomban-wa

komban-wa, good evening

Bon

a Buddhist festival held annually in August to honour the dead

bon en kai

a year-end party

Bonin Islands

Ogasawara Jima [bonin < bunin < munin (unmanned) + islands]

boninite

[bonin + -ite]

bonsai

(the technique for cultivating) a potted plant or small tree

bon-seki

a miniature landscape of sand and stones

bonso

a Buddhist monk of Japan

bonze, bonzee, bonzi

a Buddhist monk of Japan [probably < French bonze < Portuguese bonzo < Japanese bozu]

bonzery, bonzary

[bonze + -ery]

bonzess

a female bonze [bonze + -ess]

bonzian (adj.)

[bonze + -ian]

bote

a deep-bodied shiner, found in the waters of Japan

bu

an old Japanese rectangular coin made of silver

bu

a Japanese unit of length equal to 0.1 inch

bucho

the head director

budo

military arts

Bugaku, b-

a stately classical court dance and music

buke, Buk 

a military family in the feudal system of Japan

Bukkio

Buddhism

bunraku, B-

a kind of traditional puppetry, named after Uemura Bunrakuken (1737-1810), who organized the puppet theater troupe

Buppo

Buddhism

buraku

a community, a town

bushido, B-

in feudal Japan, the ethical code of the Samurai

Busshu kaze

[Bush + kaze (a cold)]

butoh, B-

a dance, dancing

butsu, B-

Buddha, a representing of the Buddha

butsudan

a small household Buddhist altar shelf

Butsudo

the teaching of Buddha, Buddhist doctrines

Butsudoist

[butsu (Buddha) + do (way) + -ist]

 

 日 本 語 

  短い解説   [語源]   [trdn]→商標名     

C

  

canna

kana

Canon

[trdn]

cat(t)an

katana

cha

Japanese tea

chadai

a gratuity, an extra tip

chanoyu

a Japanese tea ceremony, the art of ceremonial tea-making

chashitsu

a tea-ceremony room

cha-wan

a rice bowl

chawan-mushi

chicken, pork, and beef steamed with egg custard in a bowl

chediak-higashi syndrome

after Ototaka Higashi (1924- ), Japanese immunologist

chichi

woman’s breast [Hawaiian English]

cho

an old Japanese unit of length

cho

a Japanese unit of land measure equal to 2 and a half acres

Cho-Cho-San

Madame Butterfly

chonin

a tradesman, a merchant in the feudal system of Japan

chorogi

a Japanese articoke

Chosen

Japanese name of Korea

Chosenese

Korean

Choshu

one of the four great fiefs of southern Japan in the 19th century

Chotei

the Imperial Court, the hall of audience

chu ()

loyalty, devotion

cobang

koban, kobang

D

  

daibutsu, D-

a great image of Buddha

Daihatsu

[trdn]

Daijo

Mahayanist Buddhism

Daikoku

the god of wealth

daikon

a radish

daimiate

the office of the territory of a daimio

daimio, daimyo

a vassal of the Mikado

daimioate

[daimyo + -ate]

daimiote

[daimyo + -ate]

Dai Nippon

[dai (great) + Nippon (Japan)]

dairi

the palace or court of the Mikado

dairi(sama)

the Mikado or Emperor

dai rokkan

[dai (No.) + rok < roku (sixth) + kan (sense)]

daisho, dai-sho

a set of matched sword and dagger

dai-sho-no-soroimono

[dai (long) + sho (short) + soroimono (a set of)]

dan

a degree of expertise in karate, judo, etc.

dan holder

[dan + holder]

dango (cartel)

artful prebidding arrangement

daruma, D-

Dharma, a large red doll in the form of a seated Buddhist monk

dashi

cooking stock

Datsun

[trdn]

dekasegui

working away from home in a city

do

any of numerous regions or large districts

dohyo

the sumo ring

dojo (1)

a mudfish, a speckled brownish loach

dojo (2)

a room or hall in which judo or other martial arts are taught

dojo mat

dokusan

in Zen, a formal private meeting of a master and a student in the master’s room

domo

an interjection used in various situations

dotaku

a prehistoric bronze object shaped like bells

dozo

please, if you please

dozo yoroshiku

I’m glad to make your acquaintance.

E

  

Ebisu

one of the seven deities in popularized Buddhism, the god of disinterestedness

Ezo

→ Yezo

eikyu shushoku

marriage

ekiben

a box lunch sold at a railroad station

ekiden

a long-distance relay, road race

emakimono

a picture scroll

endaka

high yen value

engawa

a floor extension at one side of a Japanese-style house

enka

a Japanese popular music

enoki

a hackberry, a nettle tree

enoki mushroom

  

enokidake, enokitake 

[enoki (hackberry) + dake < take (mushroom)]

eroduction

production of erotic movies

Esaki diode

after Reona Esaki (1925- ), Japanese physicist

Etsuzankai

a special political association of supporters

Euroshima

[Euro + Hiroshima]

Euroyen

[Euro + yen]

Ezo

→ Yezo, Yedzo

F

  

finoki

hinoki

fu

province

fuchi

the ring about the base of a sword-hilt

fudohyo

[fudo (floating) + hyo (vote)]

fugi (cherry)

→ fuji (cherry)

fugu

a globefish, a swellfish eaten as a delicacy in Japan

fuji

a Japanese wisteria

fuji (cherry), fugi

a shrubby Japanese flowering cherry

fuji, fugi

a spun silk clothing fabric in plain weave

Fuji (san), Fuji yama

an extinct volcano on Honshu Island, sacred to Japanese

Fuji

[trdn]

Fuji silk

a plain weave fabric made of spun silk

Fujitsu

[trdn]

Fujiwara

a noted powerful family in Japanese history

Fukurokujiu

the god of wealth and longevity

fuma no taiten

a code of laws that will be in effect forever

fun

a Japanese unit of weight equal to one tenth of momme

funa

a crucian carp

funoran

funori(n)

funori(n)

a seaweed, gloiopeltis glue made from the seaweed

furo

a Japanese bath

furoshiki

a wrapping cloth

fusuma

a framed and papered sliding door separating rooms

futon

a Japanese bed-quilt

fuye

a Japanese flute or pipe

G

  

gagaku

Japanese court music, ceremonial music

gaiatsu

[gai (external) + atsu (pressure)]

gaijin

a foreigner, an outsider

galvanic moxa

moxa performed by an electrically incandescent wire

gaman

patience, endurance

gambatte

Hold out! Stick to it! Keep it up!

ganpi

a shrub for making paper

geisha (girl)

a girl who entertains men by dancing and singing

geisha dancing girl

[gei (art) + sha (person) + dancing girl]

geisha-house

[gei (art) + sha (person) + house]

gekokujo

the lower dominating the upper

gengo

the name of an era

genro, Genro

the elder statesmen of Japan who influenced the government from 1876 to 1940

Genroku (era)

from 1688 to 1704

geta

traditional Japanese wooden clogs for outdoor wear

gi, gie

the uniform worn for martial arts, usually white

gidaiyu

a dramatic recital accompanied by shamisen music

ginau

→ ginkgo-nut

gin-fuku

one of the gymnodont fishes of Japan

ginkgo, G-, gingko, ginko

a monotypic genus of broad-leaved gymnosperous trees

ginkgo (nut), ginkgo-nut, ginau

  

Ginkgoaceae

[ginkgo + -aceae]

ginkgoaceous (adj.)

[ginkgo + -ace + -ous]

Ginkgoales

[ginkgo + -ales]

ginkgoic

[ginkgo + -ic]

Ginkgoic acid

[ginkgo + -ic + acid]

Ginkgoites

[ginkgo + -ites]

ginkgo tree

  

gin-zaiku

an article of gold

giri

duty, obligation, honor, justice

gito

→ jito

go

a Japanese unit of capacity equal to 11.01 cubic inches

go

a Japanese game played with black and white stones on a board

goban(g)

a Japanese game played on a board

gob(b)o

a burdock cultivated in Japan as a vegetable

Godzilla

an imaginary movie monster

goh, G-

go (Japanese game)

gohan

boiled rice

gohei

a sacred staff with cut paper

Gokuraku

paradise

Gombei pottery

earthenware with a rough gray glaze made by Gombei Kurisaki at Matsue, Japan

go(-)moku

a game played on goban

gomoku(-)zogan

a form of metalwork decoration, hodgepodge inlaid work

gotten

soup from vegetable, meat, and noodles

goumi, gumi

a shrub cultivated for its fragrant flowers and reddish fruit

gun

a country, a district

guri bori

a form of decorative carving in Japanese metalwork

gyokuro

sweet green tea

gyoza (dumpling)

a (fried) dumpling stuffed with minced pork

 

 

 日 本 語 

  短い解説   [語源]   [trdn]→商標名     

H

  

habatsu

a political faction

habu

a venomous pit-viper native to the Ryuku Islands

habutai, habutay

a soft lightweight Japanese silk in plain weave

hagi

a bush clover

haikai

haiku

haiku

a form of Japanese verse written in three lines

haikuist

[haiku (Japanese verse) + ist]

hajimemashite

How do you do? Nice to meet you.

hak(k)ama

loose trousers with many folds

haki-dame

a rubbish heap, a dumping ground

hamo

a sharp-toothed eel

han (1)

a squad, a group

han (2)

a feudal clan, the territory of a daimio of the feudal period

hana-kago

[hana (flower) + kago (basket)]

hanami

a picnic to famous places to view cherry blossoms

hanamichi

a passage leading to the stage

hanashika

a professional story-teller

hancho

honcho

haniwa

a clay image

haori

a loose-fitting, knee-length Japanese coat

happi, happi-coat

a loose outer coat

haragei

subtle communication, the psychological strategy

harai(-)goshi

a throw in Judo

hara(-)kari, hari(-)kari

harakiri

hara(-)kiri

suicide by disembowelment

harakiri swap

[hara (belly) + kiri (cutting) + swap]

harifuku

a fish of the family Diodontidae

harisenbon

same as harifuku

harumaki

[haru (spring) + maki (roll)]

hashigakari

in Noh play

Hashimoto’s goitre

after Hakaru Hashimoto (1881-1934), Japanese surgeon

Hashimoto’s disease

after Hakaru Hashimoto (1881-1934), Japanese surgeon

Hashimoto’s struma

after Hakaru Hashimoto (1881-1934), Japanese surgeon

Hashimoto’s thyroiditis

after Hakaru Hashimoto (1881-1934), Japanese surgeon

hatamoto

a vassal of the household troops of a Shogun

hatoba

a wharf, a quay

haya

a kind of fish, a dace

Hayashi track

after Masao Hayashi (1941- )

hayashi

a musical band or accompaniment

haye

a kind of small fish

hechima

a sponge-gourd

Heian (era)

from 794 to 1185

heimin

common people

Heisei (era)

from 1989

hesomagari

a crank, a perverse person

hiba (arborvitae)

a large Japanese evergreen tree

hibachi

a large earthenware pan or brazier

hibakusha

an atomic bomb victim

hibun

anepitaph

hichiriki, hitschiriki

a flageolet

Higashiyama

a period in Japanese art history, during the second half of the fifteenth century

Higo pottery

a earthenware made in the province of Higo, Japan

hi-goi

[hi (red) + goi < koi (carp)]

hijiki

an edible seaweed

hi-ogi

a folding court fan made of hinoki-wood

hinekureta

perverse, distorted, crooked

hinkaku

dignity, character

hinoki (cypress)

a large conifer native to Japan

hipparidako

in great demand

Hirado (ware), Hirato (ware)

a rich elaborate (blue-and-) white porcelain

hiragana, hirakana

the cursive form of the Japanese syllabary

Hira gold lacquer

[hira (flat) + gold lacquer]

hiro

a Japanese unit of length equal to 4.97 feet

Hiroshima (n.)

as in No more Hiroshimas!

Hitachi

[trdn]

Hizen (porcelain)

a porcelain with rich decoration, delicate colouring and fine workmanship, made in Hizen, the former province in the north-west of Kyushu

hobo (n.)

one that is homeless and usually penniless

hobo (v.)

to act the hobo, to journey or travel as a tramp

hobodom

[hobo + -dom]

hoboette

a female hobo

hobohemia

a community of hoboes

hoboism

[hobo + -ism]

Hojo

a noted powerful family in Japanese history

hoju

a supplementary reservist

hokku

the opening verse of a haiku poem

home goroshi

[home < homeru (to praise) + goroshi < koroshi (killing)]

honcho, hancho

a chief or leader of a small group

Honda

[trdn]

Hondo

[hon (main) + do (land)]

honne

one’s true or real intention, reality

honoki

a large tree that yields a soft whitish wood, strong and flexible

Honshu

the main Island, Japan proper

hooch, hoochie

a shelter or dwelling

hootch, hootchie

hooch

Hotei

the god with a huge belly

hurry-curry

US slang → harakiri

I

  

iaido

the art of drawing a sword quickly

ibota privet

[ibota (a wax tree) + privet]

ichiban (adj.)

[ichi (one) + ban (No.)]

ichibu

itzebu

icho

a ginkgo, a maiden-hair-tree of Japan

Idzumo pottery

an earthenware made in the province of Idzumo

Iga pottery

an earthenware made in the province of Iga

igano-uwo

a kind of fish

I(-)go

go

ijime

ill-treatment, bullying

ikebana

the Japanese art of flower arrangement

ikunolite, I-

[Ikuno (a mine of Japan) + -lite]

Imari (pottery, ware)

an earthenware made at Imari, in the province of Hizen

Imbe pottery

an earthenware made at Imbe, in the province of Bizen

imo

a (sweet) potato

inaka

the country, a rural district

inkyo, inkiyo

the act of resigning or renouncing one’s position

inro

an ornamental nest of boxes

In-yo

the positive and negative

ippon

in Judo, a score of one full point

iroha, irofa

the Japanese kana or syllabary

iro otoko

a handsome man, a lady-killer

Ishihara(-)blind

after Shinobu Ishihara (1879-1963), Japanese ophthalmologist

Ishihara method

after Shinobu Ishihara (1879-1963), Japanese ophthalmologist

Ishihara plates

after Shinobu Ishihara (1879-1963), Japanese ophthalmologist

Ishihara (test)

after Shinobu Ishihara (1879-1963), Japanese ophthalmologist

ishikawaite

a black oxide of various metals from Ishikawa District

ishime

a roughened, irregular surface of Japanese metalwork

iso-iwashi

a little fish of the surf

issei, I-

a Japanese immigrant to America

Isuzu

[trdn]

itai-itai

a disease caused by the ingestion of cadmium

ittomasu

same as to [it < ichi (one) + to + masu (measure)]

ito-uwo

a three-spined stickleback

Ito sukashi

in Judo

itzebu, itzeboo, itzibu, ichibu

an obsolete silver coin in the form of a thin rectangular plate

iwasha

a fish of Japan which yields oil

Iwo Jima, Iwo Shima

a volcanic island, 50 km south of the Satsuma Peninsula, Kagashima Prefecture

J

  

janken(-pon)

a children’s game played with the hands

jidaimono

in kabuki, a historical play

jiga

a fossorial wasp which stores its nest with caterpillars for its young

jigotai

a defensive posture in Judo

jimigaki

a highly polished surface on metalwork

jingu

a Shinto shrine

jinja, jinsha

a Shinto shrine

jinkai senjitsu

[jin (people) + kai (wave, ocean) + senjutsu (tactics)]

jinrick(i)sha, jinrik(i)sha (n.)

a light two-wheeled hooded vehicle

jinrik(i)sha (v.)

[jin (person) + riki (power) + sha (vehicle)]

jinriki(sha)-man

[jin (person) + riki (power) + sha (vehicle) + man]

jinsen

a flat fan of feathers formerly used in Japan

jito

in the Japanese feudal system, a military land steward

jiujitsu, jiu(-)jutsu

jujitsu

Jiurojin

Jurojin

jo

a Japanese unit of length

Jo(-)do

the western paradise presided over by the Buddha Amida

Jodo(-shu)

a Japanese Buddhist sect founded by Honen

Jodo (Shinshu)

a Japanese Buddhist sect founded in 1175

johachidolite

[Johachido (Korean place name) + -lite]

Jomon (pottery), j-

a kind of very early hand-made Japanese pottery

joro

a prostitute

joruri

a type of dramatic recitation to musical accompaniment

josan

US slang, a girl friend

josei mondai

[josei (woman) + mondai (problem)]

judo, J-

lit. way of softness, a modern form of jujitsu

judoesque

[judo (way of softness) + -esque]

Judo hall

[ju (gentle, soft) + do (way) + hall]

judogi

judo wear

judoist

an expert in Judo

judoka

[judo + -ka (expert)]

judoman

[judo + man]

ju(-)jitsian

[jujutsu + -ian]

ju(-)jitsu (n.)

the Japanese art of self-defence without weapons

ju(-)jitsu (v.)

[ju (gentle, soft) + jutsu (art)]

jujitsu politics

political tactics in which a person responds to criticism with countercriticism

ju(-)jitsuist

[jujutsu + -ist]

juku

a private school

junshi

suicide at the death of one’s lord

Jurojin, Jiurojin

the god of long life

juyaku

a senior executive

 

 日 本 語 

  短い解説   [語源]   [trdn]→商標名     

K

  

kabane

in ancient Japan, a series of titles of rank

kabocha (squach)

a pumpkin

Kabuki, k-

a traditional and popular form of drama

kabuki dance, K-

an action whose result is easily predictable

Kabukiesque

[kabuki + -esque]

kabuto

a helmet, a headpiece

kabuto gane

the pommel of a Japanese sword

kadsura, K-, kadzura (tree), K-

katsura

Kaga ware

a porcelain of the province of Kaga, Japan

kagemusha

a general’s double, a dummy general

kago

an open palanquin used in feudal Japan

kagura

a sacred dance performed at Shinto festivals

kagura-zame

a frill-shark

kaiken

kwaiken

kaiko-tsuchi

[kaiko (dismissal) + tsuchi (notice)]

kainic (acid)

[kainin < kainin-so 海人草 + -ic]

kairi

a nautical mile (6,080 feet)

kaisha ningen

a devoted company man

kaizen

improvement, betterment

kakebuton

a overlet, a quilt

kakemono

a picture or writing on silk or paper that is suitable for hanging

kaki

a persimmon of Japan

Kaki(y)emon (ware)

a porcelain first made by a Japanese artist, Sakaida Kakiemon (1596-1666)

kakke (disease)

beriberi

Kamakura era

from 1185 to 1333

Kamakura lacquer

[Kamakura (a town in central Japan) + lacquer]

Kambara (earth)

[Kambara (a town in Japan) + earth]

kami (1)

a title given to daimyos and governors

kami, K- (2)

a Shinto deity; a sacred power or force

kami(-)dana

a family altar

kamikaze (n.)

Japanese air attack corps

kamikaze (adj.)

suicidal

kami-religion

[kami (deity) + religion]

kana

a Japanese system of syllabic writing

kana-majiri(-bun)

a mixed writing of Chinese characters with the Japanese syllabary

kanamono

sword mounts

kanban

lit. a signboard; a special method of trade, just in time

kanji, K-

the corpus of borrowed and adopted Chinese ideographs

kannushi

a Shinto priest

Kano (school)

a school of Japanese painting founded by Sasanobu Kano (1434-1530)

kanryo(u)

bureaucracy

Kantei

an official residence

kanten

a gelatinous substance extracted from seaweeds

karamushi

steaming, the ramie

karaoke

a form of entertainment

karaoke bar

[kara (empty) + oke (orchestra) + bar]

Karariu

Japanese painting in the Chinese manner

karate (n.)

a system of unarmed combat

karate (v.)

to strike with a karate chop

karate-chop (n.)

[kara (empty) + te (hand) + chop]

karate-chop (v.)

[kara (empty) + te (hand) + chop]

karateist, karatist

karate-man

karateka

karate-man

karate-kick

[kara (empty) + te (hand) + kick]

karate-man

an expert in karate

karate sticks, karate-sticks

nunchaku

Karatsu (ware, pottery)

a hard pottery made at Karatsu in the province of Hizen

karimata

a two-headed arrow used in ancient times

karoshi

death from overwork

kashira

the metal pommel of a Japanese sword-hilt

kasube

a ray or skate of the family Rajidae

kasugamycin

[Kasuga (the place name in Japan) + mycin]

kata

a system of basic exercises or formal practice in Judo

katakana

one of the two varieties of the Japanese syllabic writing

katakiribori

a Japanese method of incised chiselling

katana

a long single-edged sword used by the samurai

katatsu

kotatsu

Katayama snail genus

[Katayama (a hill in Hiroshima Prefecture) + snal genus]

katsu

invigoration in Judo

katsu(w)o

an important food fish in Japan, a bonito

katsuobushi

(a piece of) dried bonito

katsura, kazura

a type of wig worn mainly by women

katsura (tree), kadsura (tree)

a Japanese Judas tree, a decidous tree

katsura-tree family

  

katsuramono, kazuramono

one of the categories of Noh plays

Katsuwonidae, k-

a family of scombroid fishes

kawamutsu

a shiner or minnow found in the waters of Japan

Kawasaki disease

a disease found by Tomisaku Kawasaki, Japanese biologist

kawata

cotton plant

kaya

an evergreen tree of the pine family

kazura

katsura

kazuramono

katsuramono

kebori

a Japanese method of chiselling

Kegon, k-

a Buddhist sect

Keidanren

The Federation of Economic Organization

keiretsu

affiliated, subsidiary

keirin

[kei (race) + rin (bicycle)]

Kempei(tai), k-

the military secret service in the period 1931-1945

ken (1)

a game of forfeits played with the hands and with gestures

ken (2)

a prefecture

ken (3)

a Japanese unit of length equal to 71 inches

ken (4)

a straight, double-edged Japanese sword

kenbei

hatred of the United States of America

kendo

a Japanese sport of fencing with bamboo swords

kendoist

[ken (sword) + do (way) + -ist]

kenjutsu

swordsmanship

kenrei

a prefectural ordinance;a prefectural governor

kesa-gatame

a diagonal hold in Judo

keyaki

an important timber tree with fine hard wood

kiaki

keyaki

kibei, K-

Japanese Americans trained in Japan

kichigai

a madman

kigyonai-shitsugyo

[kigyounai (in-house) + shitsugyo (unemployment)]

kiku (1)

a chrysanthemum

kiku (2)

kikumon

Kikuchi (electron lines)

after Masashi Kikuchi (1902-1974), Japanese physicist

Kikuchi line

after Masashi Kikuchi (1902-1974), Japanese physicist

Kikuchi patterns

after Masashi Kikuchi (1902-1974), Japanese physicist

kikumon, kiku(no)mon

[kiku (chrysanthemum) + mon (crest)]

kikyo

a bell-flower

kimigayo

the title of the Japanese anthem

ki-mon

an unlucky quarter: the north-eastern direction

kimono

a long robe with sleeves

kimono blouse

[ki < kiru (to wear) + mono (thing) + blouse]

kimono bodice

[ki < kiru (to wear) + mono (thing) + bodice]

kimono coat

[ki < kiru (to wear) + mono (thing) + coat]

kimono dress

[ki < kiru (to wear) + mono (thing) + dress]

kimono flannel

[ki < kiru (to wear) + mono (thing) + flannel]

kimono gown

[ki < kiru (to wear) + mono (thing) + gown]

kimono jacket

[ki < kiru (to wear) + mono (thing) + jacket]

kimono shirt

[ki < kiru (to wear) + mono (thing) + shirt]

kimono sleeve

[ki < kiru (to wear) + mono (thing) + sleeve]

kimonoed, kimonaed (adj.)

dressed in a kimono

Kimura term

one of the annual components of the variation of latitude, named after Hisashi Kimura, Japanese astronomer

kin

a Japanese unit of weight

kinfun

[kin (gold) + fun (dust)]

kinken seiji

political influence secured by large contributions to political parties [kin (money, gold) + ken (power) + seiji (politics)]

kiogen

→ kyogen

kingio, kingyo

[kin (gold) + gyo (fish)]

kinkan

a kumquat cultivated in China and Japan for its acid fruit

kinko

commercial trepang or beche-de-mer

Kinkozan ware

a Japanese pottery made at Awata and bearing the signature of the family Kinkozan

kinsatsu

paper money, a bank-note

kinsen

gold wire used by the Japanese in enamel-work

kiri

a very large but scarce tree

kirigami

the art of cutting paper into decorative forms

kiri(no)mon

[kiru (paulownia) + mon (crest)]

kirin, kylin

a fabulous animal of composite form

Kishiu pottery

a Japanese pottery made in the province of Kishu

kissaten

a coffee shop, a tearoom

kisu

a kind of fish

kitamakura

a diodonotoid fish, known as yokobuku and akamebuku

kitasamycin

after Shibasaburo Kitasato (1852-1931), Japanese bacteriologist

kiyogen

→ kyogen

Kline-Nishina formula

after Yoshio Nishina (1890-1951), Japanese physicist

koan

a paradox put to a student in Zen Buddhism

koban

a police substation

koban(g)

an oblong gold coin issued in the 17th, 18th and 19th centuries

koban(g) gold

[ko (small) + ban (size) + gold]

Kobe beef

[Kobe (a city in western Honshu, Japan) + beef]

kobeite

[Kobe (locality in Kyoto prefecture) + -ite]

kobi

the second line of defense [ko (back) + bi (defense)]

kobu

kombu

kobun

a follower, a satellite

koenkai

a supporters’ association [koen (support) + kai (association)]

kodogu

stage properties, props [ko (small) + dogu (props)]

kogai (1)

[kogai < kamigaki < kami (hair) + kaki (scratch)]

kogai (2)

environmental pollution in Japan [ko (public) + gai (pollution)]

ko-gatana

→ ko-katana

kohai

one’s junior(s)

koi (carp)

a common carp in Japan

koi-cha

[koi (strong) + cha (green tea)]

koji

a yeast or other starter prepared in Japan from rice

kojic acid

[koji + -ic + acid]

Kojiki

the oldest extant history of Japan

kojiri

a chape, the tip of a sheath

ko-katana, ko-gatana

a knife, a pocket knife

kokeshi

a kind of wooden doll

Kokka (n.)

[Kokka Shinto (State Shinto began in 1868 and ended in 1945)]

Kokka (adj.)

[Kokka Shinto (State Shinto began in 1868 and ended in 1945)]

koku

a Japanese unit of capacity, esp. of rice

Kokuho Rose

the brand name of rice grown in California

kokujin

a black, a Negro

kokumin(-gun)

the Japanese territorial army

komban(-)wa

Good evening.

ko(m)bu, konbu

a brown seaweed or kelp

Komei

the name of a political party in Japan

Kondo alloy

after Jun Kondo (1930- ), a physicist

Kondo effect

after Jun Kondo (1930- ), a physicist

koniak(u), konjak, konnyaku

a tuberous plant of the family Arace_

Konica

[trdn]

konnichi(-)wa

Good afternoon!

konnyaku

koniak

kora

koro

Korin (school, style)

after Ogata Korin (1658-1716), a Japanese artist in the Edo period

koro

an incense-burner, usually highly ornamented [ko (incense) + ro (burner)]

koseki

census registration

kotatsu, katatsu

a Japanese foot warmer

koto

a musical stringed instrument

kotoite

after Bunjiro Koto (1856-1935), Japanese geologist and petrographer

koza

a hierarchically organized academic unit

kozo

a kind of paper tree, a paper mulberry

kozuka

a knife attached to a sword sheath

Kubo

the Imperial Court

kudzu (vine)

a perennial climbing plant

Kuge, k-

in feudal Japan, the nobility attached to the Imperial Court

kuge(-)shudan

[kuge (nobility) + shudan (group)]

kujira shaku

shaku

kumaso, Kumaso

an indigenous Caucasoid people of Japan

kumi

a class, group, gang, squad

kumite

sparring in martial arts [kumi < kumu (to grip) + te (arm, hand)]

Kumon

a systematic, inductive method of teaching mathematics, after Toru Kumon, Japanese mathematics teacher

Kunaicho

the Imperial Household Agency

kunrei

an official order

kura

a fire-proof store-house

kurikata

the cord ring with a scabbard

kurisumasu-keki

a Christmas cake [Japanese English]

kurogo

a stage assistant

kuromaku

godfather

kuromatsu

[kuro (black) + matsu (pine)]

Kuromoji

any one of several Asiatic trees of the genus Benzoin

kuronbo

a dark-skinned person

Kuroshi(w)o, k-

the Gulf Stream of Japan

Kuroshio Countercurrent

[kuro (black) + shio (current) + countercurrent]

kuroshio (extension)

[kuro (black) + shio (current) + extention]

kuroshio (system)

[kuro (black) + shio (current) + system]

kuruma

a vehicle, a rickshaw

kurumaya

one who pulls a rickshaw [kuruma (vehicle) + ya (expert)]

Kurume (azalea)

[Kurume (a town on the island of Kyushu) + azalea]

Kutani (ware)

a kind of gold and dark red porcelain first made at Kutani

kuwazoku

kwazoku

kuzushi

in Judo, a method of unbalancing one’s opponent

Kyocera

[trdn]

kwaiken

a dagger, a dirk [kai (bosom) + ken (sword)]

kwan

an old Japanese unit of weight equal to 8.28 pounds

Kwannon

the Goddess of Mercy

kwazoku, kuwazoku

the nobility, the peerage in the Japanese social scale

kylin

kirin

kyogen

a comic interlude presented between performances of Noh plays

Kyoto ware

a ware made in Kyoto

kyu

in Judo or karate, the grade given to the less proficient

kyudo

archery, bowmanship

L

  

larmen

ramen, Chinese noodle

Little Tokyo

[Japanese English]

love hotel

[Japanese English]

 

 日 本 語 

  短い解説   [語源]   [trdn]→商標名     

M

  

machi

a Japanese town or commercial center

madogiwa(-zoku)

sidetracked employees

magatama

a bead necklace

mai

a slow Japanese folk or theater dance featuring hand gestures

maiko

a girl who is being trained to become a geisha

makimono

emakimono, a scroll containing pictures

makiwara

a punching post used in practicing karate

makiye

gold or silver lacquer

makizushi

rolled sushi

mama(-)san

the mistress of a bar

mamushi

a small venomous pit viper, an adder

mana

Chinese characters used phonetically or ideographically in Japanese

manekineko

a figure of a beckoning cat

manga

a caricature, a cartoon, a comic magazine

manju

lit. a bean-jam bun, political fund

manyogana

a system of writing in 8th-century Japan

manzai

a traditional art form performed during the New Year holidays

maru

appended as a suffix to name of Japanese ships and boys

marumi kumquat

any of several round-fruited kumquats

maruta

a human body for an experiment in the war-time

maruyu, maru-yu

a system of small tax-free savings accounts

masu

a small salmon of the rivers of Japan and northern Asia

matsu

an ornamental and valuable timber pine

matsucoccus

[matsu (pine tree) + -coccus]

matsuri

a solemn celebration or festival held periodically

matsutake

a mushroom

mawashi

the cotton or silk belt worn by a sumo wrestler

Mazda

[trdn]

mebos

umeboshi, a confection of salted dried apricots

medaka

a small freshwater poeciliid fish

Meiji (period)

from 1868 to 1912

Meiji rifle

a breech-loading rifle used in the Meiji period

menuki

pair of ornaments on a sword hilt

metake, medake

a tall slender bamboo

miai

the first step in an arranged marriage

Midori (Melon Liqueur)

[trdn]

midzu-ame

[midzu (water) + ame (starch syrup)]

mijakite

[mijak < Miyake-shima (an island of Japan) + -ite]

mijama skimmia

a kind of shrub, named after Miyama, a place name in Japan?

Mikado, m-

a spiritual emperor in the feudal era of Japanese history

The Mikado

a comic opera by Govert and Sullivan (1885)

Mikadoate, m-

[Mikado + -ate]

mikado brown

[Mikado + brown]

mikado locomotive

[Mikado + locomotive]

mikado orange

[Mikado + orange]

Mikado pheasant

[Mikado + phesant]

mikado type

[Mikado + type]

mikado-yellow

direct yellow [Mikado + yellow]

Mikado Yellow G

the commercial name of a direct dye

mikan

a Satsuma orange

Mikimoto (pearl)

after Kokichi Mikimoto (1858-1954), Japanese pearl farmer

Minamata disease

a toxic encephalopatyhia [Minamata (a district in Kyushu) +disease]

mingei

Japanese folk-art

mino

a kind of rain-coat of straw, rushes or the like

Mino pottery

[Mino (a province of Japan) + pottery]

Minolta

[trdn]

Minseito

a political party of Japan, formed in 1929

minshuku

a tourist home, a guest house

mioga

a kind of plant, Zingiber Mioga

mirin

a heavy and sweet cooking sake

Mishima (ware)

a type of ceramic ware

miso

a paste made from soya beans and rice malt

Mitsubishi

[trdn]

Mitsouko

[trdn]

mitsukurina, M-

a kind of shark, named after Kakichi Mitsukuri (1857-1909), Japanese botanist

mitsumata

a deciduous shrub cultivated for its bark used in papermaking

Mitsukurinidae

after Kakichi Mitsukuri (1857-1909), Japanese botanist

miya

a shrine or Shinto temple in Japan

Miyagawanella

after Yoneji Miyagawa (1885-1959), Japanese bacteriologist

miyakite

[Miyak < Miyakojima (an island of Japan) + -ite]

Miyako

the capital of Japan

Mizuho Plateau

a plateau on the Antarctic Continent

mizuna (green)

[mizu (water) + na (greens)]

mo

a Japanese unit of measure

mochi

a cake made from pounded rice

mochi-dai

political fund

mokum(e)

a Japanese alloy used in decorative work on gold and silver

momme

a Japanese unit of weight equal to 3.75 grams

Momoyama (era)

late 16th century

mompe(i)

baggy working trousers

mon

a family crest or badge

mon

the ten thousandth part of a silver yen

mondo

a rapid question and answer technique employed in Zen Buddhism

monogatari

a tale, a story

moose

a lover of an American soldier [< musume]

moretsu sarariman

an aggressive office man

moroko

a kind of small fish, a roach

motsu-nabe

pot-boiled giblets

mousee

mousmee

mousmee, musumee, mousee

a Japanese girl working at a restaurant

moxa

a soft woolly mass prepared from the young leaves used in Japanese popular medicine [< moegusa < moe (burning) + gusa < kusa (grass)]

moxibustion

cauterization by means of moxa

moxocausis, M-

cautery by use of the moxa

mume

ume

mura

a village, a small town

muraji

in early imperial Japan, one of the hereditary titles

Muranashiji lacquer

lacquer with small gold flakes in irregular clusters

Murata rifel

after General Baron Murata, Japanese officer

mushi disease

[mushi (bug) + disease]

musho

mochi

musme, musume

an unmarried girl, a daughter

N

  

Nabeshima (porcelain, ware)

a ware painted principally in blue with plants, fishes, etc.

Nabeshimayaki, Nabeshima yaki

Nabeshima porcelain

naegite

a silicate of uranium and thorium found in placer tinwashings at Naegi, near Takayama

Nagami kumquat, n-

a kumquat having oval fruit and a persistent style base

nagatelite

[Nagate < Nagatesaki (a peninsular in Japan) + -lite]

Nageia

a kind of plant , named after the Japanese name of Nageia Nagi

Nakanuri lacquer

a pure lacquer freed from water

nakodo

one who acts as go-between in the arrangement of a marriage

namako

a sea cucumber or slug

namban

[nam < nan (southern) + ban (barbarian)]

nanako

a type of decorative metalwork

nandin(a), N-

a monotypic genus of Chinese and Japanese evergreen shrubs

nandinine

an armorphous, poisonous, pulverulent alkaloid

nanga, N-

an intellectual style of Japanese painting

na(p)pa (cabbage), N-

[nappa (greens, vegetables) + cabbage]

Nara (era)

from 710 to 794

narikin

a newly-rich person, a wealthy parvenu

nashi

a pear (tree)

Nashiji (lacquer)

a lacquer containing gold or silver flakes

natsume

a jujube (tree)

natto

fermented soybean

nekozame

a kind of shark

nemawashi

maneuver behind the scenes

Nembutsu, n-

a Buddhist invocation, prayers to Amida Buddha

netsuk(e), netsuk 

a small piece of ivory, wood, or other material

nibu

an oblong square-cornered silver coin

nichibei

[nichi < nihon (Japan) + bei < beikoku (America)]

Nichiren (Buddhism)

a Buddhist sect founded by a priest named Nichiren

Nichiren Shoshu

The Nichiren Shoshu of America, NSA

Nichirenshu

Nichiren Buddhism

nighter

a night game [Japanese English]

nigirizushi

a hand-shaped sushi

nigori

muddiness or impurity, in speaking the Japanese language, the substitution of sonant consonants for surds

Nihon, Niphon

Japan [literally, the origin of the sun]

Nihongi

the Chronicles of Japan

Nihongo

the Japanese language

nihonmachi, N-

[nihon (Japan) + machi (town)]

nikkei

a Japanese American

Nikkei (index)

the relative price of representative shares on the Tokyo Stock Exchange

Nikkei Dow

[ni(hon) + kei(zai shimbun) + dow]

Nikkei Stock Average

[ni(hon) + kei(zai shimbun) + stock average]

Nikkofir, Nikko fir

an evergreen tree

nikko-kisuge

a day lily named for the locality, Nikko

Nikon

[trdn].

nikubori

[niku (thickness) + bori < hori (carving)]

ningyoite, N-

a new mineral named for the locality, Ningyo Pass

ningyoujoruri, ningyo-joruri

the traditional puppet show

Ninigi

in Japanese legend

ninja, N-

a warrior trained in the art of ninjutsu

ninja squad

a small group of trained fighters

ninjozata

[ninjo (bloodshed) + zata (affair)]

ninjutsu, ninjitsu

the art of stealth or invisibility

Ninsei ware

a type of pottery made by Ninsei, the greatest ceramic artist

ninsi(n), ninzin

an umbelliferous plant, a Korean carrot

ninsoku

a coolie

Nintendo

[trdn]

Nintendo epilepsy

[trdn + epilepsy]

Nintendo generation

[trdn + generation]

Nintendo neck

[trdn + neck]

Nip

usually used disparagingly [Nip(ponese)]

Niplet

[Nip(ponese) + -let]

Nippon (n.)

[< Nihon (literally, the origin of the sun)]

Nippon (attrib.)

[< Nihon (literally, the origin of the sun)]

Nippon chrysanthemum

[Nippon < Nihon + chrysanthemum]

Nippon Club

[Nippon < Nihon + chrysanthemum]

Nippon vellum

[Nippon < Nihon + chrysanthemum]

Nipponese (a.)

[Nippon + -ese]

Nipponese (n.)

[Nippon + -ese]

Nipponian (a.)

[Nippon + -ian]

Nipponian (n.)

[Nippon + -ian]

nipponise, N-

[Nippon + -ise]

Nipponism

[Nippon + -ism]

nipponize, N-

[Nippon + -ize]

Nippostrongylus

a genus of strongyloid nematode worms

nis(s)ei, N-

an American born of Japanese parents

nishiki

Japanese brocade

Nishikide ware

a variety of Satsuma pottery with decorations resembling brocade

nishikiye

a colour print, developed in the 18th century

nishu

a small rectangular Japanese silver coin, no longer used

Nissan

[trdn]

no, noh, No(h), No

the traditional masked drama

No(h) play

[No + play]

No Dance

[No + Dance]

Noh mask

[No + mask]

nogaku, N-

the genre of the Noh drama

nokyo, N-

[no < nogyo (agriculture) + kyo < kyodokumiai (cooperative association)]

noren

a shop’s curtain, credit

nori

amanori, a food prepared from fronds of a seaweed

norimon(o)

a kind of litter or palanquin

norito

Shinto ritualistic prayers

noshi

a Japanese token of esteem, originally a piece of dried awabi

notan

the combination of lights and darks in Japanese art

nunchaku(s)

two hard wood sticks of Okinwara origin used as a defensive weapon

Nuritate lacquer

  

O

  

Obaku

one of the three principal branches of Zen Buddhism

Obaku Zen Buddhism

  

oban(g)

a large oval gold coin of the 16th to 19th centuries

obento

[o (honorific) + bento]

obi, obe

a sash used to tie a kimono, a belt

obi-styled sash

  

obocchama

a greenhorn of a boy

O-bon

[o (honorific) + bon]

ochaya

[o (honorific) + cha (tea) + ya (house)]

o-daiko

[o (big) + taiko (drum)]

odori

a dance, dancing

office lady, OL

[Japanese English]

ofuro

[o (honorific) + furo]

ogi

a Japanese folding fan

ogi otoshi

a game using ogi

o(-)goshi, O-

a hip throw in Judo

Ohi pottery

[Ohi (a village in the eastern part of Kanazawa) + pottery]

ohteki

a flute, yokobue

oiran

a courtesan of high standing

ojime

a bead or bead-like object, often very elaborate

ojosan

a girl, a daughter

Okazaki fragment

after Reiji Okazaki (1930-1975), Japanese geneticist

oki-anago

[oki (off-shore) + anago (conger-eel)]

oki-gisu

[oki (off-shore) + gisu < kisu (a kind of fish)]

Okie

← Okinawa

okimono

a standing ornament or figure placed in the alcove

Okinawan (a.)

[Okinawa + -an]

Okinawan (n.)

[Okinawa + -an]

Okuninushi

in Japanese legend

okusan

your [his] wife

omi

in early imperial Japan, one of the hereditary titles

omiai, o-miai

[o (honorific) + miai]

omori

a full or good helping (of boiled rice)

o-muraji, omuraji

[o (grand) + muraji]

on

the sense of deep gratitude; kindness, favour

onigiri

a rice-ball

onna

a woman

onnagata

in Kabuki, a man who plays female roles

onsen

[on (hot) + sen (spring)]

orei mairi

a visit to a shrine or temple for thanksgiving

Oribe ware

a porcelain made by Furuta Oribe

origami

the art of folding paper into intricate designs

orihon

a book formed by folding a printed roll

osaekomi waza

a method of holding down one’s opponent on the mat

oseibo

a year-end present

oshibori (towel)

a towel wrung out usually in hot water

Osho Rajneesh

[osho (a Japanese priest) + Bhagwan Shree Rajneesh (1931- )]

O-soto-gari, o-

a major outer cut in Judo

otokogi

a shivalrous spirit

otoshi dama

a New Year’s gift

oyama

same as onnagata, lit. female figure

Oyashi(w)o Current

  

ozeki

a sumo wrestler of the second highest rank

P

  

pachinko

a pin-ball game popular in Japan

Pac-Man, Pac Man

[trdn]

Pac-Man defense

[trdn + defense]

Pac-Man counterattack

[trdn + counterattack]

pompom

US slang [< pon-pon (belly)]

Power Rangers

[Japanese English]

 

日 本 語

短い解説   [語源]   [trdn]→商標名 

Q          

 

R   

 

raku (ware), R-

a distinct variety of lead-glazed pottery

ramanas(u) (rose)

a red-flowered cultivated rose

ramen

quick-cooking Chinese noodles

randori (n.)

a session of informal practice in Judo

randori (v.)

practice judo informally

red tai

[red + tai (sea bream)]

Reiki, r-

spirit or soul

renga

linked-verse poetry, consisting of a series of half-tanka

rengeso clover

a clover-like plant grown for green manure and for forage

ri (1)

a Japanese unit of distance equal to about 2.44 miles

ri (2)

a Japanese unit of area equal to 15.55 square kilometers 

ricksha(w)

[< (jin)rikisha (a light two-shealed hooded vehicle)]

rickshaw-cycle

[rickshaw < jinrikisha + cycle]

rickshaw man

[rickshaw < jinrikisha + man]

rickshaw-tricycle

[rickshaw < jinrikisha + ticycle]

Ricoh

[trdn]

rikisha

[< (jin)rikisha (a light two-shealed hooded vehicle)]

rikishi

→ sumo wrestler

rikka

a traditional form of flower arrangement

Rikken

constitutional, applied to a Japanese political party

rikutsuppoi

very argumentative

rin

a Japanese unit of money, length and weight

rinnotam(a), rin-no-tam(a)

a bell-shaped gem containing silver in it

Rinzai

one of the three principal branches of Zen Buddhism

rio

→ ryo

rishitin

[< rishi-ri (the name of a variety of potato)]

Risshu

[Ris < Ritsu (disciple) + shu (sect)]

Ritsu, ritsu

a Buddhist sect introduced in the 8th century to Japan

Ro-iro lacquer

a variety of Japanese lacquer of a pure black or greenish black color

Roju, Roju

the senior councillors in the former feudal system of Japan

romaji, R-, Romazi

a system of romanized spelling for the Japanese language

Romajikai

[roma (Roman) + ji (letter) + kai (association)]

ronin

in feudal Japan, a lordless wandering samurai 

Roshi

the spiritual leader of a community of Zen Buddhist monks

rotenone

[< roten (derris plant)]

Ro-urushi lacquer

a dark green varnish made by adding to branch lacquer a small proportion of tooth-dye

rumaki

[< (ha)rumaki (a hot crape of Oriental origin)]

ryo, rio, riyo (1)

a former Japanese monetary unit

ryo, rio, riyo (2)

a former Japanese unit of weight, a Japanese ounce

Ryobu (Shinto)

a Shinto sect fostering a mixture of Shinto and Buddhism

ryokan

a traditional inn [ryo (travel) + kan (inn, building)]

ryotei

a Japanese-style restaurant

ryu, riu

a style or school of art

Ryukyu

the former name of Okinawa

Ryukyuan (n.)(a.)

[Ryukyu + -an]

S            

 

sabi

in Zen, a quality of simple restrained, and mellowed beauty

sai

a type of dagger of Okinawan origin 

sakaki

a small Japanese and Indian evergreen shrub

Sakata-Taketani

equation after Sakata and Taketani, majoring in quantum mechanics

sake, saki

a fermented liquor made from rice

sake bottle

[sake + bottle]

sake cup

[sake + cup]

sake shop

[sake + shop]

sakura

a flowering cherry tree

salaryman, salary man

a salaried man, an office worker [Japanese English]

salarywoman, salary woman

a salaried woman [Japanese English]

sama

a honorific suffix

samisen, shamisen

a 3-stringed Japanese musical instrument resembling a banjo

sampaku (eyeball), sanpaku

visibility of the white of the eye below the iris

samurai, S-

a member of the military caste in the former feudal system of Japan

samurai bond

unsecured yen-dominated bonds

samurai code

[samurai + cup]

samurai ethic

[samurai + ethic]

samurai-minded

[samurai + minded]

samurai order

[samurai + order]

samurai spirit

[samurai + spirit]

samurai sword

[samurai + sword]

samurai warrior

[samurai + warrior]

san, -san

a honorific title suffixed to personal names

Sanda ware, S-

[Sanda (a city in Hyogo Prefecture) + ware]

sanpaku

→ sampaku

Sanron, s-

a Japanese Buddhist school founded in A. D. 625

sansei, S-

a third generation of Japanese American

sanukite

[Sanuki (a district in Japan) + -ite]

sarakin

loan sharks [sara < salary + kin < kinyu (loan)]

sarariman

→ salary man

sasa

bamboo grass

sasanqua, sasankwa

an evergreen shrub

sashimi

a dish consisting of thin slices of raw fish

sato-imo

a taro

satori

in Zen Buddhism, a sudden indescribable and uncommunicable inner experience of enlightenment

Satsuki

the rainy season

Satsuma anthracnose

a disease of the Satsuma orange

Satsuma mikan

[Satsuma (the former name of a province on the island of Kyushu) + mikan (tangerine)]

Satsuma (orange), s-

a variety of mandarin orange

Satsuma (tangerine), s-

a variety of mandarin orange

Satsuma (ware), s-

a kind of cream-coloured pottery

sawara (cypress)

a Japanese evergreen tree

sayonara

Good-bye.

se

a Japanese unit of land area equal to 118.6 square yards

Sega

[trdn]

seibo

→ oseibo

Seiji ware

stone-ware or porcelain having a neutral gray or celadon glaze

Seiyuhonto

a Japanese political party formed in 1924

Seiyukai

the moderate political party in the Meiji period

seiza

an upright kneeling posture adopted in meditation

sekitei

a rock garden of Japanese style

sekiwake

the third-highest rank in sumo wrestling

seku-hara

[seku (sexual) + hara (harassment)]

sempai

a senior

sen

a Japanese monetary unit; a copper or bronze coin

Sendai (virus)

[Sendai (a city in northern Honshu, Japan) + virus]

sennin

an elderly recluse who has acquired immortality through meditation and self-discipline

senryu

a humorous or satirical kind of verse, after Karai Senryu (1718-1790), a judge of liked-poetry competitions

sensei

a teacher or instructor

sentoku

a golden-yellow bronze vessel made after the Chinese fashion

seoi nage

a shoulder throw in Judo

seppa

a pair of oval washers, each of which had an aperture to receive the tang

seppa-dai

a washer platform

seppuku, S-

hara-kiri

Seshime lacquer

 

sesshin

in Zen Buddhism, intensive sessions of meditation

Seto (ware)

[Seto (a city near Nagoya, Japan) + ware]

sewamono

in kabuki and bunraku theatre, a domestic drama or melodrama

shabu-shabu

a dish of thinly sliced beef cooked in boiling soup

shafu

[sha < kaisha (company) + fu (tradition)]

shaku (1)

a Japanese unit of length equal to 11.93 inches

shaku (2)

a stick or baton of wood or ivory used by Shinto priests

shakudo

a Japanese alloy of copper with a little gold

shakuhachi

an end-blown flute, made of bamboo

shamisen

→ samisen

sharawaggi, sharawadgi

[probably, < sorowazu (want of symmetry, or studied beauty of irregularity)]

shayo zoku

a declining upper-class family

shiatsu, shiatzu

a kind of therapy

shibai

a play, a drama

Shibayama, s-

a distinctive style of inlay work, named after Shibayama, a Japanese family of carvers

shibi

the albacore

shibu (n.)

astringent juice

shibui (n.)

astringent

shibui (a.)

tasteful in a quiet or profound way

shibuichi

an alloy consisting of one part of silver and three parts of copper [shi (four) + bu (parts) + ichi (one)]

shibuichi-doshi

an ornament attached to tsuba made of shibuichi

shibumi

[shibu (astringent) + mi (taste)]

Shiga(’s) (bacillus)

after Kiyoshi Shiga (1870-1957), Japanese bacteriologist

Shiga dysentery (bacillus)

after Kiyoshi Shiga (1870-1957), Japanese bacteriologist

Shigaraki pottery

[Shigaraki (a province in central Japan) + pottery]

Shigella, shigella

a genus of nonmotile aerobic bacteria, named after Kiyoshi Shiga

shigellosis, S-

after Kiyoshi Shiga, Japanese bacteriologist

Shihan, s-

an honorific title addressed to Judo master

shiitake

a mushroom cultivated on logs

Shijo art

[Shijo (a street in Kyoto) + art]

Shijo master

[Shijo (a street in Kyoto) + master]

Shijo school

[Shijo (a street in Kyoto) + school]

shika (deer)

a pseudaxine Japanese deer similar to the red deer

shika nippon

[shika (deer)+ nippon (Japan)]

shikibuton

[shiki < shiku (to spread) + buton < futon (mattress)]

shikii

coarse rough silk filling, a heavy silk and rayon fabric

shikimi, S-

a Japanese sacred tree whose bark is burned as incense during certain religous rites

shikimic (acid)

a hydro-aromatic acid

shikimin

a colorless, poisonous crystaline glucoside

shikimol

[shikimin + -ol]

shikken, S-

a chief executive officer and later a virtual regent under the Japanese shoguns

Shimada (coiffure)

a young unmarried ladies’ formal hair-style

Shimbun

used in the title of Japanese newspapers

shime-waza

the art of strangulation in Judo

shimose (gunpowder)

after Masachika Shimose (1859-1911), Japanese naval engineer

shimosite

after Masachika Shimose (1859-1911), Japanese naval engineer

shimpa, S-

the first realistic form of Japanese theater

shin

a god or the gods collectively

Shin, Shin (sect)

the name of a major Japanese Buddhist sect

Shin Buddhism

 

shingeki, S-

contemporary Japanese theater

Shino pottery

a pottery noted for its nearly pure feldspathic glaze

Shingen tsuba, s-

[Shingen + tsuba (guard)]?

Shingon

a Buddhist sect that emphasizes a mystical symbolism of matras and mudras

shinjinrui

the new breed

Shinkansen, s-

a railway system carrying high-speed passenger trains

Shin(-shu), Shin(-)shu

a Buddhist sect founded by Shinran in the 13th century

shintai

an object believed to contain the spirit of a kami

Shinota ware

[Shinota + pottery]

Shinotawara (fowl)

a breed of domestic fowls with very large tails

Shinto, s- (n.)

the native religious system of Japan

Shinto, s- (a.)

[shin (deity) + to < do (way)]

Shintoism, s-

[shin (deity) + to < do (way) + -ism]

Shintoist

[shin (deity) + to < do (way) + -ist]

Shintoistic, s-

[shin (deity) + to < do (way) + -istic]

Shintoize

[shin (deity) + to < do (way) + -ize]

shippo (ware), sippo

a cloisonn -enamel ware

shira(-)kashi

[shira < shiro (white) + kashi (oak)]

Shirase Coast

after Nobu Shirase (1864-1946), Japanese explorer of the Antarctic

Shirase Glacier

after Nobu Shirase (1864-1946), Japanese explorer of the Antarctic

shirozame

a galeorhinoid shark

shishi

a lion, especially as a decorative motif on Japanese porcelain

shiso

a beefsteak plant

shitamachi

Tokyo neighborhoods

shitogi tsuba

[shitogi (rice dumpling) + tsuba (guard)]

shizoku

a samurai, the military class in the Meiji period

sho, sho (1)

a Japanese grain or liquid measure equal to 0.38 gallon 

sho, sho (2)

a classic Japanese musical instrument

shochu, sochu

a rough spirit

shodan

a degree of proficiency equivalent to first Dan

shogaol

[shoga (ginger) + -ol]

shogi, Sho-gi

a board game resembling chess

Shogoin turnip, s-

[Shogoin (a town in Kyoto) + turnip]

shogun, syogun, siogun, ziogoon  

the hereditary commander-in-chief of the army from the 8th century into the 19th century

shogun bond

[shogun + bond]

shogun CB

[shogun + CB]

shogun lease

[shogun + lease]

shogunal

[shogun + -al]

shogunate, S-

[shogun + -ate]

Shogunite, s-

[shogun + -ite]

shogunship

[shogun + -ship]

shoji (screen)

a paper sliding door or screen in Japanese houses

Shojo

Hinayana Buddhism 

shokai

a firm, a company

shokku

[Japanised English] a shock in political or economic affairs

shomio, siomio

one of a low grade of warrior nobles in the feudal system [sho (small) + mio (name)]

shongi

→ shogi

Shorin ryu

one of the two main styles of Okinawan karate

shosagoto

in Kabuki, a mime performed to music

shosha

→ sogo shosha

Shotokan

one of the five main styles of karate

Showa (period)

from 1926 to 1989

shoyu, shoya

→ soya

shubunkin, S-

a goldfish of a breed having transparent scales

Shugo, s-

in the Japanese feudal system, a military governor

Shuha, Shuha (a.)

of or relating to any of the thirteen Shinto sects

shunga

an erotic painting or print

shunto, S-

the annual round of wage-bargaining

shuriken

a weapon in the form of a small star

shusa

a team leader

shuto

in Karate, a sharp, shopping blow made with the side of the hand

shypoo

→ shippo

sika (deer)

a small red deer

Sinto(o), Sintu

→ Shinto

siogoon

→ shogun

siomio

→ shomio

skibby

US slang, a Japanese prostitute; a Japanese used in contempt

Skimmene

a colorless dextrorotatory liquid contained in the oil from skimmia

Skimmetin

a colorless crystalline compound

skimmia, S-

an evergreen shrub

Skimmin

→ shikimin

skosh (adv.)

U. S. Slang, a little, a small amount

soba

a type of noodle that is made from buckwheat

sobaya

a buckwheat-noodle shop

sochu

→ shochu

sodoku

rat-bite-fever

soeyu

→ shoyu

sogoshoku

[sogo (integrated) + shoku (profession)]

sogo shosha

a very large general trading company

Sohyo

the left-wing trade union federation

Soia

← soy, a genus of plants of the same family Fabaceae

Soka Gakkai

in Japan, a lay religious group

sokaiya

strong-arm gangsters hired to control or disrupt shareholder’s meeting

somoist

→ sumoist

Sony

[trdn]

soogee (n.)

clean rope used to wash with

soogee (v.)

wash down

soroban

a Japanese abacus

sosaku hanga

[sosaku (original work) + hanga (wood block print)]

soshi

a mercenary

Soto

one of the three sects of Zen Buddhism

soy, shoya

a sauce made from soybeans [< shoyu]

soya, shoyu

a sauce made from soybeans [< shoyu]

soya bean

[shoyu + bean]

soya (bean)milk

[shoyu + (bean)milk]

soya bean oil

[shoyu + bean oil]

soya burger

[shoyu + burger]

soya flour

[shoyu + flour]

soya link

[shoyu + link]

soya meal

[shoyu + meal]

soya oil

[shoyu + oil]

soya sauce

[shoyu + sauce]

soya sausage

[shoyu + sausage]

soyate

a mixture of salts of fatty acids from soybean oil

soy(-)bean

the seed of an annula leguminous plant from which soy is made

soybean cutlet

 

soybean cyst nematode         

 

soy(bean) flour

 

soybean lecithin

 

soybean meal

 

soybean milk

 

soybean oil 

 

soybean oil meal

 

soybean sauce

 

soybean soup 

 

miso soup

 

soy biscuit

[shoyu + biscuit]

soy bottle

[shoyu + bottle]

soy burger

[shoyu + burger]

soy cyst nematode

[shoyu + cyst nematode]

soy flour

[shoyu + flour]

soy frame

[shoyu + frame]

soy ink

[shoyu + ink]

soy jam

[shoyu + jam]

soy lecithin

[shoyu + lecithin]

soy milk, soymilk

[shoyu + milk]

soy oil

[shoyu + oil]

soy oil meal

[shoyu + oil meal]

soy-pea

[shoyu + pea]

soy protein

[shoyu + protein]

soy sauce

[shoyu + sauce]

soy-sauce Ovington

[shoyu + sauce + Ovington]

Soya Coast   

 

Subaru

[trdn]

sudoite

after Sudo Toshio (1911-  ), Japanese mineralogist

sugamo

an aquatic plant grown as a fertilizer and for its fiber

sugi

a Japanese cedar, the largest tree of Japan

suiboku

a style of painting, using black ink on a white surface

suibokuga

[sui (water) + boku (Japanese ink) + ga (painting)]

suimono

a clear soup based on fish stock

suiseki

the Japanese art of arranging stones on a tray

sukiya

a tea ceremony arbor

sukiyaki

a Japanese dish of meat seasoned with soy sauce, tofu, and greens

sumi

Indian ink, a black ink-stick

sumi-e, sumie

black-ink painting

sumi-gaeshi

in Judo

sumimasen

I am sorry.

Sumitomo

[trdn]

sumo (wrestling)

a form of wrestling in Japan

sumodom

[sumo + -dom]

sumoist, somoist

a sumo wrestler

sumo(-)tori

a sumo wrestler

sumo wrestler

[sumo + wrestler]

sumo wrestling

[sumo + wrestling]

sun

a Japanese unit of length equivalent to 1.1 inches

Suntory

[trdn]

surimi

fish meat that is minced, processed, seasoned, and flavored

surimono

a small sized colour print

sushi

a dish consisting of small balls of rice and slices of raw fish

sushi bar

[sushi + bar]

sushiya

[sushi + ya (bar, shop)]

sutemi-waza

the technique of throwing from a lying position in Judo

suzu

a bell of brass and bronze

Suzuki

[trdn]

Suzuki (method)

after Shin’ichi Suzuki, Japanese violin teacher

suzuri

an inkstone

suzuribako

[suzuri + bako < hako (case)]

 

 日 本 語 

  短い解説   [語源]   [trdn]→商標名     

T

  

tabi

thick-soled ankle-socks

tachi

a long sword

tachiai

the initial charge in sumo wrestling

tachibana

a Japanese wild orange

Tago-Sato-Kosaka

a comet discovered by the three amateur astronomers in 1969

tai

a Pacific sea bream

taiko, taico

→ tycoon

taiko

cylindrical or barrel drums

tai-otoshi, T-

th body drop throw in Judo

Taira

a noted powerful family in Japanese history

tai-sabaki

in Judo

Taisho (period)

from 1912 to 1926

Taka-Diastase, Taka-diastase

after Jokichi Takamine (1854-1922), biochemist and instrialist

taka-makiye

a type of Japanese lacquering

Takatori pottery

a pottery made at Takatori, a village in Chikuzen province

Takayasu’s (disease)

after Michishige Takayasu (1872-1938), Japanese ophthalmologist

tamari, tamari (soy) sauce

a variety of rich soy sauce

tameshiwara

the destruction in animate objects by means of karate blows

tamo

an Asiatic tree, the wood of Japanese ash

tan

a Japanese unit of land area equal to 0.25 acre

Tanabata, t-

a festival held annually on July 7

Tanabata Matsuri

[tanabata + matsuri (festival)]

tanka

a Japanese form of verse of five lines

tansu

a chest of drawers

tanto

a short sword

tanuki

a badger

tatami, tattami, tatamee

a rush-covered straw mat used in Japanese homes

tatami-floored

[tatami (straw mat) + floored]

tatami mat

[tatami (straw mat) + mat]

tatami-matted

[tatami (straw mat) + matted]

tatami matting

[tatami (straw mat) + matting]

tatami room

[tatami (straw mat) + room]

tatari

a curse, an evil spell

tatemae

an apparent rule or principle

Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles

ninja

temmoku (bowl)

the Japanese name for a large type of Chinese porcelain

temmoku glaze

[Temmoku (a mountain in Zhejiang Province, China) + glaze]

Tempo (tsuho), tempo

an oval bronze coin issued in the first half of the 19th century [Tempo (the period 1831-45) + tsuho (circulating treasure)]

tempura

fried food [probably from a Portuguese or Spanish word]

tempura bar

[tempura + bar]

tempura restaurant

[tempura + restaurant]

tempura-ya

[tempura + ya (shop)]

Tempyo (era)

from 729 to 749

Tendai (sect)

a Buddhist sect introducted into Japan from China

tengu

a long-nosed goblin; a boaster

tenko

a roll-call of prisonsers or a muster parade

tenmoku

temmoku

tenno, T-

a title for the emperor of Japan

Tenrikyo

a religious sect in Japan

teppan(-)yaki

a Japanese dish consiting of meat or fish fried with vegetables on a hot steel plate [teppan (iron plate) + yaki (grilling)]

tera

a Buddhist temple

terakoya

in the feudal period, a private elementary school

teriyaki

a Japanese dish of broiled meat or fish

teriyaki sauce

[teri (glaze) + yaki (grilling) + sauce]

Tetron

[trdn]

three K’s

kitanai, kitsui, kiken (dirty, difficult, dangerous)

to, to

a Japanese grain or liquid measure

toami

a Japanese cone-shaped cast net

tobira

an evergreen shrub, Pittsosporum tobira

tobira family

pittosporaceae [tobira (an evergreen shrub) + family]

todorokite

[Todoroki (a mine in Hokkaido) + -ite]

tofu

a curd made from mashed soy beans

tofutti

tofu ice-cream [tofu + -tti]

togidashi

a type of Japanese lacquering

Tojo

Japanese minister of war and prime minister; US Slang, a Japanese soldier

tokkin

in Japan, a type of short-term corporate investment fund

tokko

a kamikaze party

toko, tokko

tokonoma

tokonoma

a sort of a cupboard, raised about a foot above the floor

Tokugawa (n.)

the Tokugawa dynasty, their period of rule

Tokugawa (a.)

of the Japanese ruling dynasty (1603-1867)

Tokyo Bay

[Tokyo + Bay]

Tokyo Rose

nickname given during World War II to female announcers broadcasting from Radio Tokyo

Tokyo Round

the Tokyo Round (1973-79)

Tokyoite

a native or inhabitant of Tokyo

tomoe-nage

a circular throw in Judo

Tomonaga-Schwinger theory

after Shin’ichiro Tomonaga (1907-1979), Japanese physicist

tonari gumi, tonarigumi

[tonari (neighbourhood) + gumi < kumi (association)]

toneru

dummy [toneru < tunnel]

tongue sushi

American slang, deep kiss (cf. French kiss)

tonfa

a karate weapon

tori

the active partner in the performance of a throw or other judo technique

torii (gate)

a ceremonial gateway in front of a Shinto shrine

toro

a hanging lantern, a garden lantern

Tosa fowl

after Tosa, the former name of a province on the island of Shikoku

Tosa (dog, hound)

a big brindle fighting dog, named after Tosa

Tosa picture

after Tosa Mitsunobu (1434-1525), the founder of this school

Tosa school

an aristocratic Japanese family of court painters who flourished after the 12th century, after Tosa Mitsunobu (1434-1525), the founder of this school

Toshiba

[trdn]

toyo

a shiny smooth straw made from shellacked rice paper and used especially for hats

Toyota

[trdn]

tsuba, tsupa

a Japanese sword-guard

tsubaki

a camellia

tsubo (1)

a Japanese unit of land area

tsubo (2)

a pot, a jar

tsuga, T-

a genus of Asiatic evergreen trees

tsugaresinol

[tsuga + -resinol]

Tsugaru lacquer

a variety of Japanese lacquer with marbled or veined effects in various colors

tsugi ashi

a style of moving in Judo

Tsukahara (tuck)

after Mitsuo Tsukahara (1947-), Japanese gymnast

Tsukahara vault

after Mitsuo Tsukahara (1947-), Japanese gymnast

tsukemono

preserved roots or leaves of certain vegetables

tsukuri

preparatory action in Judo

tsunami

a tidal wave

tsunamic

[tsu (harbor) + nami (wave) + -ic]

tsupa

tsuba

tsurikomi

a very low hip throw in Judo

tsurikomi-ashi

a throwing technique in Judo

tsurikomi-goshi

a throwing technique in Judo

tsurugi

a sword

Tsushima Current

[Tsushima (the islands of southwest Japan) + Current]

Tsushima Strait

[Tsushima (the islands of southwest Japan) + Strait]

tsutsugamushi (disease), Tsutugamushi disease

an acute febrile disease

tsutsugamushi (mite), Tsutsugamushi mite

[tsutsugamushi + mite]

tsutsumu

the Japanese art of wrapping or packaging

Tsutsutsi

any of several Asiatic azaleas

tsuyu

the rainy season

tycoon

the title by which the Shogun of Japan was described to foreigners

tycoonate

[tai (great) + kun + -ate]

tycoonery

[tai (great) + kun + -ery]

tycooness

[tai (great) + kun + -ness]

tycoonish

[tai (great) + kun + -ish]

tycoonism

[tai (great) + kun + -ism]

tycoonship

[tai (great) + kun + -ship]

tyotei (1)

→ Chotei

tyotei (2)

peacemaking, settling a quarrel

U

  

uchi(-)mata

a inner-high throw in Judo

uchiwa

a flat fan

Uda antenna

after Shintaro Uda, Japanese electrical engineer

ude

in Judo, lit. arm

ude-garami

an armlock in Judo

ude-gatame

an armlock applied the straight arm of one’s opponent

udo

an ornamental plant cultivated in Japan and China as a vegetable

udon

a kind of noodle made from wheat flour

ugui

a kind of fish, same as akahara

uguisu

the Japanese nightingale

uji (1)

birth, family, clan

uji (2)

a silkworm disease in Japan

Uji cha

[Uji (a town near Kyoto) + cha (tea)]

uji(-)fly

a tachinid fly of Japan

ujigami

the tutelary deity of a particular village or area

Ujimyia

uji-fly

uke

the passive partner in Judo

ukemi

the art of falling safely in Judo

uki

in Judo

uki-gatame

a ground hold applied after the opponent has been thrown

uki-goshi

a throwing technique in Judo

uki-otoshi

a hand technique in Judo

uki-waza

a sacrifice throw in Judo

ukiyo-(y)e

an art-form consisting of wood-block prints

umami

[uma < umai (delicious, sweet) + mi (taste)]

ume, mume

a plum tree

Unshu Mikan

[Unshu (the province in central Japan) + mikan (tangerine)]

ura-nage

a kind of throw in Judo

urushi

a Japanese lacquer tree, Japan lacquer

urushi tree

[urushi + tree]

urushic (acid)

[urushi + -ic]

urushinic acid

[urushi + -nic + acid]

urushiol

an oily phenolic liquid

urushiye

a Japanese color print

uta

a Japanese poem, tanka

utai

a lyrical drama

utchari

a throwing technique in sumo wrestling

utsubo

a kind of fish, a moray

uyoku

the Rightists

V

  

W

  

wa

social harmony, peace, unity

wabi

in Zen, a quality of simple, serene, and solitary beauty

wacadash

wakizashi

Wagwaryu

[wagwa (Yamato?) + ryu (school)]

Wagyu bull

[wa (Japanese) + gyu (bull) + bull]

Wagyu meat

[wa (Japanese) + gyu (bull) + meat]

Walkman

[trdn]

waka

a form of classic Japanese poetry

wakame

a brown seaweed, used as a cooking ingredient

Wakasa lacquer

[Wakasa (the province in central Japan) + lacquer]

wakizashi

a dagger, a short sword

warabi

a brake whose young fronds are eaten in Japan

waribashi

disposable, wooden chopsticks

wasabi

a Japanese herb, whose thick root is used in Japanese cooking

washi

[wa (Japanese) + shi (paper)]

waza-ari

a score of half a point in Judo, half an ipppon

wooden kimono

US slang, a coffin

X

  

Y

  

yagi (antenna), Yagi (antenna), Yagi (aerial)

after Hidetsugu Yagi (1886-1976), Japanese electrical engineer

Yagi-Uda antenna

after Shintaro Uda, Japanese electrical engineer

yakiburger

[yaki < yaku (to roast) + burger]

yakitori

a piece of grilled chicken meat

yakitoriburger

[yaki < yaku (to grill) + tori (chicken) + burger]

yakkaigoto

[yakkai(na) (annoying) + goto < koto (thing)]

yakuza

a gangster or racketeer

yamabe

a mountain trout

Yamaha

[trdn]

Yamaguchi-gumi, y-

the name of the largest syndicate of organized crime

yamamai

a large Japanese silk-worm, silk produced by this worm

Yamato (race)

a Japanese of the principal racial stock of Japan

yamato-damashii, Y-

[Yamato (pure Japanese) + damashii < tamashii (spirit, soul)]

Yamato-(w)e

[Yamato (pure Japanese) + (w)e (painting)]

Yamato Mountains

 

Yamato-ryu, Yamato-ryu

the style of art in Japan

Yamato school

the style or school of art in Japan

Yaohan Plaza

[trdn]

yappari

as one expected

yashiki

a mansion, a residence

yashiro

a Shinto temple

Yayoi

the mainly neolithic culture in Japan

Yayoi type

a type of early Japanese pottery

Yayoishiki

[Yayoi + shiki (type)]

Yeddo hawthorn

[Yeddo (the former name of Tokyo) + hawthorn]

Yeddo crepe

[Yeddo (the former name of Tokyo) + crepe]

Yeddo poplin

[Yeddo (the former name of Tokyo) + poplin]

Yeddo spruce

→ Yezo spruce

yen

a Japanese coin, the basic monetary unit of Japan

yen(-)bond

  

Yezo, Yedzo

the former name of Hokkaido

Yezo spruce

an ornamental evergreen tree [Yezo (now Hokkaido) + spruce]

yezomasu

[Yezo + masu (salmon)]

Yobi

the army reserve of Japan

Yokohama bean

[Yokohama (a city in central Japan) + bean]

Yokohama fowl

[Yokohama (a city in central Japan) + fowl]

Yokohama crape

[Yokohama (a city in central Japan) + crape]

yoko-shiho-gatame

a side four-corner hold in Judo

yokozuna

a grand champion sumo wrestler who wears a Shinto hawser

yo(n)dan

a degree of proficiency representing fourth Dan

yoshiki-no

[yo (Western) + shiki (style) + no (of)]

Yoshino lacquer

 

Yoshino paper

[Yoshino (a town in central Honshu) + paper]

Yoshinoya

[trdn]

Yoshiwara

an area in Tokyo where brothels were officially recognized

yufu

a fabric made from the bark of the paper-mulberry tree

yugawaralite

[Yugawara (a town in central Honshu) + -lite]

yugen

a hidden quality of graceful beauty or mystery

yugenism

[yu (faint, vague) + gen (profound truth) + -ism]

yukata, Y-

a light cotton kimono

yukawa

unit of length, after Hideki Yukawa (1907-1981), Japanese physicist??

Yukawa(-)meson

after Hideki Yukawa (1907-1981), Japanese physicist

Yukawa force

after Hideki Yukawa (1907-1981), Japanese physicist

Yukawa particles

after Hideki Yukawa (1907-1981), Japanese physicist

Yukawa potential

after Hideki Yukawa (1907-1981), Japanese physicist

yukon

[yuk < Yukawa + on < meson]

yusho

a rice oil disease, because the patients ate food cooked with contaminated rice oil

yuzen(-zome), Yuzen (birodo)

after Miyazaki Yuzen Sai (?-1758), Japanese cut velvet

Yuzen process

a secret process of dying a painted fabric

Z

  

zabuton

a flat floor cushion

zaibatsu

a large industrial conglomerate, usually family-controlled

zaikai

financial circles, the business world

zaitech

speculative money management

zazen, Z-

Zen meditation

Zen (Buddhism)

a Japanese school of Muhayana Buddhism

Zen Buddhist

[Zen + Buddhist]

zendo

a place for Zen Buddhist meditation and study

Zen Master

[Zen + master]

Zen roshi

[Zen + roshi (old sacred master)]

Zengakuren

an extreme left-wing movement

zenic

[Zen + -ic]

zenist, zennist

[Zen + -ist]

zensho

all wins in sumo wrestling

ziogoon

shogun

ziogoonship

→ shogunship

zogan

inlaying with gold or silver

zoku

a kinsman, a lobbyist

zori

a pair of thonged sandals with straw soles

 

inserted by FC2 system